Survivors of childhood brain tumors are at an especially high risk for damage to the endocrine system. The endocrine system is comprised of glands and hormones that help to control specific functions of the body, such as metabolism, growth, puberty and reproduc-tion. Glands of the endocrine system include the pituitary,…
One of the goals of pediatric cancer treatment is deploying personalized medicine. Treating each patient and each tumor, with exactly the right type of therapy to maximize killing of tumor cells and minimize side effects to patients is the objective. Initially, brain tumors were classified by their appearance under the…
Brain tumors are the second most common type of malignancy in children less than 2 years of age. Furthermore, brain tumors as a whole are the most common solid tumor of childhood and 12-15% of all childhood brain tumors occur in children less than two. Childhood brain tumors occur in…
Brain tumors are the most common solid tumor of childhood. Among brain tumors, low-grade gliomas are the most common type, accounting for almost 50% of all tumor types. There are two major types of cells that make up the brain: neurons and glia. Neurons are responsible for information processing. Glial…
Ideally, when a child is diagnosed with a brain tumor, a multidisciplinary group of providers (neurosurgeons, neuropathologists, neuroradiologists, neuro-oncologists, etc.) cooperate to determine the optimal treatment. Many factors influence the decision. Central to considerations are the classification, grading, and staging of pediatric brain tumors. With the exception of only a…
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